Dr. Jason DeCaro Office: 14 ten Hoor Phone: 348-9061 E-mail: email@example.com Office hours: Tuesdays 11:30-12:30, Thursdays 1:45-2:45
ANT 450: 12 hours of anthropology or permission of instructor ANT 550: graduate student in anthropology or permission of instructor
Health problems, culturally-competent & socialized adults, and mature physical forms do not emerge from vacuum. They are the outcome of a developmental process with biological, psychological, social and cultural components. This developmental process unfolds throughout the lifecourse, from conception to death. The developmental process is essential to survival and shaped by evolution. This course will survey human development from an anthropological perspective. What are evolved human universals, and what varies by culture or context? Genes contain a roadmap for creating and changing a human – but how do humans collect information from the environment that determines what they actually become? How do we break down barriers between biological, behavioral, and sociocultural understandings of human development?
At the end of this course students should be able to:
Part I. Evolutionary foundations of human development across the lifespan 1 1/11 Concepts: Adaptation, accommodation, fitness 2-3 1/16 Life history theory (con’t 1/18)
Read: Hill & Hurtado 1996 – Ch 1, “Life History and Demography”
4 1/23 Evolution of human childhood Read: Bogin 2002 PROJECT I DUE
5 1/25 Parental care 1: social competition & coalition formation Read: Geary & Flinn 2001 6 1/30 Parental care 2: embodied capital Read: Kaplan 2002 7 2/1 Parental care 3: sex differentiation Read: Worthman 1996 8 2/6 Theorizing senescence 1: aging and disease Read: Crews 2003 – Ch 3, “Evolutionary and Biological Theories ...” 9 2/8 Theorizing senescence 2: menopause Read: Leidy 1999
Part II. Essential processes in biological development 10 2/13 Human patterns of physical growth by age and sex – general trends Read: Cameron 2002
11 2/15 Human patterns of physical growth – underlying mechanisms Read: Lampl 2002, Malina 2002 PROJECT II DUE
12 2/20 Differentiation and epigenesis Read: Rakic et al. 2004
Part III. Variation and adaptation in biological development 13 2/22 Adaptation, accommodation & environmental quality: nutrition & growth Read: Martorell 1999 14 2/27 Adaptation, accommodation & climate: the high altitude example Read: Greska 2006 15 3/1 Fetal programming and phenotypic inertia Read: Kuzawa 2005, Worthman and Kuzara 2005 16 3/6 Puberty and its timing Read: Ellis 2004 17 3/8 Political economic determinants of environmental quality and growth Read: Goodman 1998, Crooks 1998 18 3/20 Biology of the impact of experience I: Psychosocial stress/psychobiology Read: McDade 2002 19 3/22 Biology of the impact of experience II: Allostatic load & inequality Read: McEwen & Wingfield 2003 20 3/27 Group project meetings
Part IV. Culture, social behavior and cognition
21 3/29 Film: Jane Goodall’s Wild Chimpanzees
PROJECT III DUE
22 4/3 Bioecological theory, ecocultural theory
Read: Bronfenbrenner & Ceci 1994, Weisner 2002 23 4/5 Culture, affect and arousal Read: Super et al. 1996, Chisholm 1996 24 4/10 Social development and language socialization Read: Ochs 2002 25 4/12 Cultural models and their acquisition Read: Strauss 1992 26 4/17 Interpretive drift: socialization in adults Read: Luhrmann 1989 – Ch 1, “What makes magic reasonable?” and Ch 10, “Drinking from Cerridwen’s cauldron” PROJECT IV DUE
Part V. Paradigms for transgressing the boundaries 27 4/19 Linking biology and behavior: behavioral genetics Read: Plomin & Rutter 1998 28 4/24 Linking behavior and evolution: human behavioral ecology Read: Winterhalder & Smith 2000 29 4/26 Linking biology, culture and experience: bioecocultural synthesis GROUP PROJECT DUE, PRESENTATIONS COMPLETE
Part V. Group project presentations 30 5/1 Group project presentations, day 1 31 5/3 Group project presentations, day 2
Class Attendance and Participation: This is a discussion-oriented class and attendance is required. More than three absences are considered excessive, and will lower your final grade. Classroom participation is an important requirement of the course and it will figure in the final grade.
1. Reading Commentaries. For each class where a reading or readings are due, post on WebCT a one-page typed commentary on the reading no later than 10AM on the day of the class. The commentary should include a brief summary of the author’s major points, and at least two discussion questions that you’d like the class to address. These will be readable on WebCT by everyone enrolled in the class, so that you can see other students’ perspectives on the readings.
Reading commentaries 25%
Class Discussion 10%
Project I 5%
Project II 15%
Project III 10%
Project IV 10%
Written group project 15%
Group project presentation 10%
These are only brief descriptions of each project – more detailed guidance will be available before you need to start working on them.
Policy for Making-Up Missed Course Work
All required readings will be provided or made electronically available in advance. Reading assignments listed in the outline are detailed in the bibliography at the end of the syllabus.
All acts of dishonesty in any work constitute academic misconduct. This includes, but is not limited to, cheating, plagiarism, fabrication of information, misrepresentations, and abetting of any of the above. The Academic Misconduct Disciplinary Policy will be followed in the event that academic misconduct occurs. Students should refer to the Student Affairs Handbook, which can be obtained in the Office of Student Life and Services in the Ferguson Center
If you are registered with the Office of Disability Services, please make an appointment with me as soon as possible to discuss any course accommodations that may be necessary. If you have a disability but have not contacted the Office of Disability Services, please call 354-5175 or visit Osband Hall to register for services.
Bogin B (2002) The evolution of human growth. In: N Cameron, ed., Human Growth and Development. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 295-320.
Bronfenbrenner U & Ceci SJ (1994) Nature-nurture reconceptualized in developmental perspective: a bioecological model. Psychological Review 101: 568-586.
Cameron N (2002) Human growth curve, canalization, and catch-up growth. In: N
Cameron, ed., Human Growth and Development. San Diego: Academic Press, pp.
Chisholm JS (1996) The evolutionary ecology of attachment organization. Human Nature-an Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective 7: 1-37.
Crews DE (2003) Human Senescence: Evolutionary and Biocultural Perspectives. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Crooks DL (1998) Poverty and nutrition in eastern Kentucky: the political economy of childhood growth. In: AH Goodman & TL Leatherman, eds., Building a New Biocultural Synthesis: Political-Economic Perspectives on Human Biology. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 339-355.
Ellis BJ (2004) Timing of pubertal maturation in girls: an integrated life history approach. Psychological Bulletin 130: 920-958.
Geary DC & Flinn MV (2001) The evolution of human parental behavior and the human family. Parenting: Science and Practice 1: 5-61.
Goodman AH (1998) The biological consequences of inequality in antiquity. In: AH Goodman & TL Leatherman, eds., Building a New Biocultural Synthesis: Political-Economic Perspectives on Human Biology. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 147-169.
Greska LP (2006) Growth and development of Andean high altitude residents. High Altitude Medicine & Biology 7: 116-124.
Hill K & Hurtado AM (1996) Ache Life History. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Kaplan H, Lancaster JB, Tucker WT, & Anderson KG (2002) Evolutionary approach to below replacement fertility. American Journal of Human Biology 14: 233-256.
Kuzawa CW (2005) Fetal origins of developmental plasticity: are fetal cues reliable predictors of future nutritional environments? American Journal of Human Biology
Lampl L (2002) Saltation and stasis. In: N Cameron, ed., Human Growth and Development. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 253-270.
Leidy L (1999) Menopause in evolutionary perspective. In: WR Travathan, JJ McKenna, EO Smith, eds., Evolutionary Medicine. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 407-427.
Luhrmann TM (1989) Persuasions of the Witch’s Craft. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Malina RM (2002) Exercise and growth: physical activity as a factor in growth and maturation. In: N Cameron, ed., Human Growth and Development. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 321-348.
Martorell R (1999) The short-and long-term effects of improving nutrition in early childhood. In: FE Johnston, P Eveleth, & B Zemel, eds., Human Growth in Context. London: Smith-Gordon, pp. 331-345.
McDade TW (2002) Status incongruity in Samoan youth: a biocultural analysis of culture change, stress, and immune function. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 16: 123-150.
McEwen BS, Wingfield JC (2003) The concept of allostasis in biology and biomedicine. Hormones and Behavior 43: 2-15.
Ochs E (2002) Becoming a speaker of culture. In: C Kramsch, ed., Language Acquisition and Language Socialization: Ecological Perspectives. New York: Continuum, pp. 99-120.
Plomin R & Rutter M (1998) Child development, molecular genetics, and what to do with genes once they are found. Child Development 69: 1223-1242.
Rakic P, Ang ESBC, & Breunig J (2004) Setting the stage for cognition: genesis of the primate cerebral cortex. In: MS Gazzaniga, ed., The Cognitive Neurosciences, 3rd Edition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 33-50.
Strauss C (1992) Models and motives. In: R D’Andrade & C Strauss, eds., Human Motives and Cultural Models. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-20.
Super CM, Harkness S, van Tijen N, van der Vlugt E, Fintelman M, & Dijkstra J (1996) The three R's of Dutch childrearing and the socialization of infant arousal. In: S Harkness & CM Super, eds., Parents' Cultural Belief Systems. New York: Guilford Press, pp. 447-466.
Weisner TS (2002) Ecocultural understanding of children's developmental pathways. Human Development 45: 275-281.
Winterhalder B, Smith EA (2000) Analyzing adaptive strategies: Human behavioral ecology at twenty-five. Evolutionary Anthropology 9: 51-72.
Worthman CM (1996) Biosocial determinants of sex ratios: survivorship, selection and socialization in the early environment. In: CJK Henry & SJ Ulijaszek, eds., Long Term Consequences of Early Environment: Growth, Development and the Lifespan Developmental Perspective. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. 44
Worthman CM & Kuzara J (2005) Life history and the early origins of health differentials. American Journal of Human Biology 17: 95-112.